# Thursday, November 19, 2020

What is MinIO?

MinIO is an object storage system, similar to Amazon S3 or Azure Blob storage. It is built on top of Docker containers, which makes it easy to scale.

Because MinIO runs in a Docker container, it requires the installation of Docker.

You can either install the Docker engine here or install Docker Desktop at one of the following links:

Starting a MinIO Server

Once Docker is installed, use the following command to start a MinIO server:

docker run -p 9000:9000 -e "MINIO_ACCESS_KEY=myAccessKey" -e "MINIO_SECRET_KEY=mySecretKey" minio/minio server /data

You can replace myAccessKey and mySecretKey with just about any string you like. These will be used to log into the MinIO server. Write down these values and keep them in a safe place! You will need them in order to access your server.

After you run the above command, you can access the server's UI by opening a web browser and navigating to

http://127.0.0.1:9000/

(NOTE: Of course, you may choose to run your server on a different port than 9000. If so, modify the “Docker” command above.)

You will be prompted to log in, as shown in Fig. 1

mio01Login
Fig. 1

Enter the access key and secret key you selected in the Docker command above.

After successfully logging in, you will see the MinIO user interface, as shown in Fig. 2.

mio02-MinIOServer
Fig. 2

MinIO organizes objects into buckets, which are analogous to folders in a file system or containers in Azure blob storage. To create a new bucket, click the [+] icon (Fig. 3) in the lower right of the screen.

mio03-PlusButton
Fig. 3

A popup menu will display, as shown in Fig. 4.

mio04-Menu
Fig. 4

Click the [Create Bucket] icon (Fig. 5) to display the "New Bucket" dialog, as shown in Fig. 6.

mio05-CreateBucketIcon
Fig. 5

mio06-BucketName
Fig. 6

In the "New Bucket" dialog, enter a name for your bucket, as shown in Fig. 7. This name must be unique within this MinIO server, must be at least 3 characters long and may consist only of numbers, periods, hyphens, and lower-case letters. 

mio07-BucketName
Fig. 7

Press ENTER to create the bucket. The Bucket will now be listed along the left side, as shown in Fig. 8.

mio08-Bucket
Fig. 8

You can add files to this bucket by again clicking the lower-left [+] icon to display the popup menu shown in Fig. 9.

mio09-Menu
Fig. 9

Click the "Upload File" icon (Fig. 10) to open a File Selection dialog, as shown in Fig. 11.

mio10-UploadFile
Fig. 10

mio11-SelectFile
Fig. 11

Navigate to and select a file on your local drive and click the [Open] button. The file will be listed within the bucket, as shown in Fig. 12.

mio12-ListFiles
Fig. 12

You can click the […] at the right of the file listing row to expand a menu with options to share, preview, download, or delete the file from MinIO, as shown in Fig. 13

mio13-Menu
Fig. 13

In this article, I introduced MinIO Server and showed the basics of getting started and using this object storage tool.

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